The IoT device for Scooters
The IoT device is the "brain" of the scooters,bikes,and other vehicles as well,and it's also an electric scooter lock. An IoT device is usually a box mounted onto the scooter that includes a GPS chip and antenna,a mini-computer,a cell receiver, a SIM card, and more.
IoT stands for Internet of Things, a term that came to popularity as we started adding computers to everything-vending machines,smart thermostats,internet-enabled security cameras,etc.
The IoT device on your vehicle allows it to report it's location and allows riders to start a ride beginning with your app.
IoT devices example and their smart abilities for electric scooters
The vehicle sends the following information:
Battery percentage and health
Speed and direction
Alerts e.g. the scooter has fallen down
The server sends commands to the vehicle to change it's behavior:
Lock / unlock — to start and end a user's ride
Beep — to help finding the scooter
Set speed — to set a maximum speed on the scooter, useful for limiting speed in a geofenced area
Change settings — to modify the frequency of pings and other setting
SIM Cards and Cellular Service
Each IoT device requires a SIM card that has cell data capability. The SIM card allows the IoT device to send messages back and forth over the internet, similar to how your phone uses the cell data.
Some manufacturers will sell you a scooter with a SIM card where other manufacturers will require you to buy your own SIM card.
Data usage varies between IoT device, protocols, and vehicle usage.
When a vehicle is unlocked, we collect more data about the vehicle in order to detect issues, to plot the route of the vehicle, and to allow geofencing. So an unlocked vehicle will send more data in the same time span than a locked vehicle.
Some manufacturers include IoT built into the vehicle or ship the scooter with an IoT device attached. Other, usually smaller, manufacturers require you to install your own IoT device.
If the manufacturer provides a IOT device by default, we recommend using that device instead of trying to use a custom device. Integrating the IoT device onto a vehicle is a painful process with a lot of edge cases, so it's always best to use whatever has been tested the most.
Omni is based in Shenzhen,China and provides bicycle sharing system for bike sharing companies all over the world. Omni makes IoT devices for scooters and locks for bikes.
Omni is probably the largest IoT provider in micromobility by number of vehicles and manufacturers and they are also one of the cheapest.
Omni operates over a TCP protocol. While our firmware has some bugs and inconsistencies, we've managed to mitigate most of the problems and Omni works well with Spring.
With Omni, you will need to either get SIM cards from your manufacturer or buy SIM cards. You pay for the SIM card plan.